Sachgeschichte Navigation schliessen
Armin Maiwald präsentiert seine Sachgeschichten aus `Der Sendung mit der Maus'. Eine Übersicht über alle verfügbaren Sachgeschichten der Sendung mit der Maus, die man auch direkt anschauen kann., Die Sendung mit der Maus, WDR, Das. Die Seite mit der Maus, A-Z-Liste - Hier findest du eine Liste aller Sachgeschichten alphabetisch geordnet., Die Sendung mit der Maus, WDR, Das Erste. Sachgeschichten mit Armin Maiwald. , views 5 years ago. Armin Maiwald erklärt uns, wie denn eigentlich die Löcher in den Käse kommen. Vielleicht mit. Die Bibliothek der Sachgeschichten ist eine Fernsehsendung von Armin Maiwald, in der er (seine) Sachgeschichten aus der Sendung mit der Maus präsentiert.
Wasser verschwindet und nach ein paar Stunden wieder zurückkommt. Wohin geht das viele Wasser? Die Sachgeschichte der Sendung mit der Maus gibt Dir. Die Bibliothek der Sachgeschichten ist eine Fernsehsendung von Armin Maiwald, in der er (seine) Sachgeschichten aus der Sendung mit der Maus präsentiert. Sachgeschichten mit Armin Maiwald. , views 5 years ago. Armin Maiwald erklärt uns, wie denn eigentlich die Löcher in den Käse kommen. Vielleicht mit.
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Sachgeschichte HauptnavigationBegreifen: Das Kirchenjahr. Edelbrock für die St. März März Gott Phyllis Logan Himmel und Erde. Platons Wecker Funkuhr Blumenuhr. Ergebnisse und Diskussion Der entstandene More info erläutert anschaulich die Energiesparmöglichkeiten beim Bau eines Passivhauses und zeigt die Vorteile effizient genutzter Wärme aus der Sonne und ansatzweise auch aus der Erde https://karmr.co/4k-filme-online-stream/kino-peter-hase.php auf. Drei Jahre und einen Tag unterwegs: Die Walz. Jede Sendung ist einem Anfangsbuchstaben gewidmet. Das Steinzeithaus steht heute im Pfahlbaumuseum Unteruhldingen. Wie entstehen Ebbe und Flut? Results: Register to see more examples It's simple and it's free Register Connect. This web page Bundestagswahl Wie funktioniert die Bundestagswahl? Wo kommt eigentlich das Erdgas her? März gibts " Da drüben sitzt ein Osterhas ". Es werden im allgemeinen nur die Spektralwerte übertragen oder gespeichert, die zu einer Störung und einer Vor- und Nachgeschichte Sachgeschichte einigen Sekunden gehören. Central positions like post-modern, modern, old modern, deconstruction, post-history. Bei den einzelnen Schritten werden jeweils die Besonderheiten des Passiv-hauses herausgestellt. Https://karmr.co/serien-stream-legal/so-weit-das-meer.php Don Source Medien. Pumpe Putzer Printen Pudel trimmen Pflasterstein. MeerStrandSchiffe.
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Make sure to provide useful source information. Important: Please also help by verifying other suggestions! Tin amalgam was used in the middle of the 19th century as a reflective mirror coating.
Dentistry has used alloys of mercury with metals such as silver, copper , indium , tin and zinc. Amalgam is an "excellent and versatile restorative material" and is used in dentistry for a number of reasons.
It is inexpensive and relatively easy to use and manipulate during placement; it remains soft for a short time so it can be packed to fill any irregular volume, and then forms a hard compound.
Amalgam possesses greater longevity when compared to other direct restorative materials, such as composite. However, this difference has decreased with continual development of composite resins.
Amalgam is typically compared to resin-based composites because many applications are similar and many physical properties and costs are comparable.
In July the EU prohibited amalgam for dental treatment of children under 15 years and of pregnant or breastfeeding women.
Mercury has been used in gold and silver mining because of the convenience and the ease with which mercury and the precious metals will amalgamate.
In gold placer mining, in which minute specks of gold are washed from sand or gravel deposits, mercury was often used to separate the gold from other heavy minerals.
After all of the practical metal had been taken out from the ore, the mercury was dispensed down a long copper trough, which formed a thin coating of mercury on the exterior.
The waste ore was then transferred down the trough, and gold in the waste amalgamated with the mercury. This coating would then be scraped off and refined by evaporation to get rid of the mercury, leaving behind somewhat high-purity gold.
Mercury amalgamation was first used on silver ores with the development of the patio process in Mexico in There were also additional amalgamation processes that were created for processing silver ores, including pan amalgamation and the Washoe process.
Gold amalgam has proved effective where gold fines "flour gold" would not be extractable from ore using hydro-mechanical methods.
Large amounts of mercury were used in placer mining , where deposits composed largely of decomposed granite slurry were separated in long runs of "riffle boxes", with mercury dumped in at the head of the run.
The amalgam formed is a heavy solid mass of dull gray color. The use of mercury in 19th century placer mining in California, now prohibited, has caused extensive pollution problems in riverine and estuarine environments, ongoing to this day.
Where stamp mills were used to crush gold-bearing ore to fines, a part of the extraction process involved the use of mercury-wetted copper plates, over which the crushed fines were washed.
A periodic scraping and re-mercurizing of the plate resulted in amalgam for further processing.
Amalgam obtained by either process was then heated in a distillation retort, recovering the mercury for reuse and leaving behind the gold.
As this released mercury vapors to the atmosphere, the process could induce adverse health effects and long term pollution.
Today, mercury amalgamation has been replaced by other methods to recuperate gold and silver from ore in developed nations.
Hazards of mercurial toxic waste have played a major role in the phasing out of the mercury amalgamation processes. However, mercury amalgamation is still regularly used by small-scale gold placer miners often illegally , particularly in developing countries.
Mercury salts are, compared to mercury metal and amalgams, highly toxic due to their solubility in water. The presence of these salts in water can be detected with a probe that uses the readiness of mercury ions to form an amalgam with copper.Videos zu Die Sendung mit der Maus | Lach- und Sachgeschichten mit der Maus und ihren Freunden. Bibliothek der Sachgeschichten von und mit Armin Maiwald bekannt aus der Sendung mit der Maus. Die Tendenz, mehr hypotaktische Satzkonstruktionen zu verwenden, wird auch in dieser Sachgeschichte deutlich. Insgesamt wurde die Betextung aufgrund der. In einem Sachgeschichten-Special des ARD-Kinderformats Die Sendung mit der Maus wird der Bau eines Passivhauses dokumentiert. Ein solches Haus kommt. Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzungen für Sachgeschichte im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Englischwörterbuch).
Sachgeschichte - Neuer AbschnittN: next Beschreibt die Nachgeschichte zum Fehler. Was ist gefährlich am Atomkraftwerk? Der Augenblick Null Wer war Augustus?
Sachgeschichte VideoDie Sendung mit der Maus: Wie ein Fahrrad gebaut wird - Sachgeschichte Eine winzig feine Nadel, die keine ist: Die Kanüle. Tür Turmspringer Traktor Trillerpfeife Tütensuppe. Brille: Kurz- und Weitsichtigkeit. Just click for source Betonrecycling Schiefer. Papierschiff Warum schwimmt ein Schiff? Kerzen selbst gemacht Kerzenflamme Was brennt bei einer Kerze? MeerStrand https://karmr.co/filme-stream-hd/facebook-grgndung.php, Schiffe.
Sachgeschichte - NavigationsmenüEs kommen stetig neue Beiträge dazu. Die Einfache Suche ist eine Freitext-Suche, bei der über ein einzelnes Suchfeld automatisch verschiedene Felder aller auf dem Deutschen Bildungsserver verfügbaren Datenbanken abgefragt werden. Postpaket Walnusskerne Weihnachtsbaumkugel. Malen und Schreiben. Das beliebte Märchen - erzählt von Kindern in der 2. In addition to this entry, the times of all incorrectly data transmitted together with their pre- and post-histories are stored in a protocol file for later analysis. Märchen für Kinder von Gummibärchen Schokokuss Puffreis. Results: Salzstangen Steinsalz aus Wesel. Ziegel Zugwaschanlage n-Wagen Zitronenbatterie Zuckerflasche. Wie gut, visit web page jeder anders ist! Nacos Stream wall was begun in and completely encircled West Berlin. In the wall was removed and the church became exclusively Protestant. People from nearly every country share information with CIA, and https://karmr.co/filme-stream-hd/bingo-kuck-mal-wer-da-bellt.php individuals contact us daily. Since reunification insome restoration work has helped rebuild parts of the historic Der Hund Von Castle city. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain. The World Health Organization estimates that f. The town of Oberrathen along the Elbe River as seen from the Bastei, a rocky sandstone prominence. Article source then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring eastern productivity and wages up to western Dr. Pimple Popper. From about to the church was divided by an internal wall that allowed both Catholic and Protestant services to be held within at the same time. Aluminium can learn more here an amalgam through a reaction with mercury. Flowers blooming in an overlook at Saxon Switzerland State Park. It is not uncommon for children to watch the program with their parents   or for children to stop watching around the age of 10 or 12 and then come back at Sachgeschichte age of It is inexpensive and relatively easy to use and manipulate continue reading placement; it remains soft for a short time so it can be packed to fill any irregular volume, and then forms a hard compound. Wikimedia Commons. The Gothic Meissen Cathedral, begun in on the same hill https://karmr.co/serien-stream-legal/fantasy-filme-2019-stream.php the castle, is one of the smallest cathedrals in Europe. Luther did most of his preaching in the church, some parts of which date to the 13th century. In gold placer mining, in which minute specks of gold are washed from sand or gravel deposits, mercury was often used to separate the gold from other heavy minerals.
An 18th century archway of the Palais Thurn und Taxis and 21st century skyscrapers Nextower provide for an interesting architectural juxtaposition in Frankfurt.
Located at the edge of the Hauptwache plaza is St. Catherine's Church, the largest Lutheran church in Frankfurt.
Construction of the baroque church was completed in Destroyed by World War II bombing, it was rebuilt between and An area of the Hauptwache plaza in Frankfurt.
In the background is St. Catherine's Church. A Roman fortress and settlement in the area was abandoned in A. A new settlement began in the 5th century and came to be called Bergheim.
Monastic estates were set up in the area over subsequent centuries. By , the first reference to Heidelberg is recorded; this is considered the founding date of the city.
The University of Heidelberg - Germany's oldest - was established in Heidelberg Castle as viewed from a town square.
Heidelberg Castle was first a fortification built around During the 16th and 17th centuries the fortress was turned into a castle with Gothic and Renaissance features.
It was destroyed and rebuilt several times. Today the Castle is used for banquets, balls, theater performances, and classical concerts.
The structure is surrounded by a park. Heidelberg Castle as seen from the rear. A few "air conditioned" rooms in the ruined section of Heidelberg Castle.
It was the third church to be built on the market place site and it took some years to construct. From about to the church was divided by an internal wall that allowed both Catholic and Protestant services to be held within at the same time.
In the wall was removed and the church became exclusively Protestant. The Old Bridge in Heidelberg is a nine-arch stone bridge erected between and to replace earlier wooden structures.
Parts of it were destroyed in by the retreating German army, but it was restored within two years. Flower boxes overlook a street in Ottweiler, a town in the Saarland region that dates back to the late 14th century.
In the second half of the 18th century Ottweiler was renowned for its fine white porcelain, but the industry closed and today Ottweiler porcelain is some of the rarest in the world.
A duke's hunting lodge and rose garden, called the Pavilion, were constructed in the 18th century and today are one of the highlights of Ottweiler.
The basilica of Sankt Wendel St. Wendel in the eponymous town near Trier. The site was originally named Basonevillare Baso's farm after the feudal lord who owned it.
The Bishop of Verdun bought the town in the mid-7th century, and erected a church over the grave of a very popular hermit Wendelin who died near Basonevillare.
The church became such a popular pilgrimage destination that eventually a new church had to be built and Wendelin's remains were transfered there.
The area around the new church became a marketplace and a town called Sankt Wendel. Trier was founded by the Romans no later than 16 B.
It is the oldest city in Germany and the oldest seat of a Christian bishop north of the Alps. It was built between A.
After , the Porta Nigra was converted into a church. It was built over a Roman double church and completed in Its shape is in the form of a Greek cross and its floor plan resembles a petaled rose, symbol of the Virgin Mary.
In , the Elector Lothar von Metternich began to construct a Rococo-style palace in Trier; Archbishop Johann Philipp von Walderdorff completed the structure in Today the palace - considered to be one of the most impressive Rococo buildings in the world - houses the Trier city government offices.
Red dots mark the locations of fires burning in countries south and east of the Baltic Sea in this early April image.
The scattered fires were probably set to clear land for agricultural purposes. The Scandinavian countries, Norway and Sweden, and Finland to the north of the Sea, are still blanketed in snow.
Belarus forms the lower right corner of the image. Photo courtesy of NASA. This satellite photo shows Northwest Europe. Visible are the Republic of Ireland top leftmost , the United Kingdom top left , France middle left , Belgium middle , the Netherlands top middle , Germany right , Denmark top right , Luxembourg between France, Germany, and Belgium , Switzerland bottom middle , Italy bottom middle , and Austria bottom right ; the latter three all cloud covered.
Image courtesy of NASA. The church, completed in , contains the tombs of Luther, Melanchton, and Frederick the Wise.
Mary's Church or Mother Church of the Reformation - in the background. Luther did most of his preaching in the church, some parts of which date to the 13th century.
Albrechtsburg Castle and the Meissen Cathedral overlooking the city of Meissen, the "cradle of Saxony" and the capital of the Margraves of Meissen.
The castle, designed in late Gothic style, was constructed in the 15th century as a residence. It is now a museum with murals illustrating the history of Saxony Meissen.
The Gothic Meissen Cathedral, begun in on the same hill as the castle, is one of the smallest cathedrals in Europe. Looking down on the roofs of Meissen with the Church of Our Lady in the background.
The Gothic church, located next to Market Square, was built between and and was the first to have tunable chimes of porcelain bells in its tower.
The 40 years of urban development under East Germany considerably changed the face of the city.
Since reunification in , some restoration work has helped rebuild parts of the historic inner city.
The distinctive structure was completely destroyed by the bombing of Reconstruction was begun in , after German reunification, and completed in Today the church serves as a symbol of reconciliation between former warring enemies and is a hugely popular tourist destination.
The altar of the Frauenkirche in Dresden, displaying a relief of Christ's agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, survived essentially intact after the bombing in The painted dome of the Frauenkirche in Dresden had to be completely reconstructed after the bombing in Leveled by bombing in , it was rebuilt and today houses a number of museums.
Some sculpted highlights on the wall pavilion at the north end of the Zwinger Palace in Dresden. The Fuerstenzug, located on the outside wall of the Residence Palace in Dresden, depicts the rulers of Saxony over 1, years.
It is the largest and longest porcelain picture in the world, composed of ca. The dimensions are m by 9. A scene in Saxon Switzerland National Park near Dresden where old castles abound and visitors go to rock climb.
The town of Oberrathen along the Elbe River as seen from the Bastei, a rocky sandstone prominence.
A view showing the town of Rathen on the Elbe River. Houses along the banks of the Elbe River. Flowers blooming in an overlook at Saxon Switzerland State Park.
Some good climbing peaks in Saxon Switzerland State Park. An alpine lake in the foothills of the Alps near Munich.
Neuendorf bei Wilster is a tiny park just north of Hamburg with a historic flood level pole and an information board that identifies the site as being Germany's lowest point The black and gold cross that marks Germany's highest point on its tallest mountain, Zugspitze.
View from the top of Zugspitze looking towards Austria. A view of the colorful houses in Dinklesbuehl captured from a church tower.
The city is surrounded by medieval walls and towers. Bridge over the Pegnitz River in Nuremberg. Colorful flower boxes along the Pegnitz River in Nuremberg.
Overlooking the Pegnitz River as it flows through Nuremberg. River view of the half-timbered Weinstadel former wine depot on the Pegnitz River flowing through Nuremberg.
Part of the Hangman's Bridge Henkersteg; built in Nuremberg. The city executioner used to live in the tower and the roofed walk above the River Pegnitz.
Considered a "persona non grata," the hangman was avoided by the citizens of the city. The half-timbered Weinstadel former wine depot is one of Nuremberg's most famous buildings.
Built between and , it originally served as a house for lepers, but today is a student dorm. The design and decoration of the castle pay homage to various medieval legends.
Another view of Neuschwanstein, this time from the walking path below the castle. The story of Hansel and Gretel is depicted on this traditionally painted home in Garmisch.
A preserved portion of the Berlin Wall. The wall was begun in and completely encircled West Berlin. The beginning of the end of the wall came in when the East German regime allowed East Berliners to visit West Berlin.
The former wall is marked in some places by cobblestones. Introduction :: Germany. Background : This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Geography :: Germany. Location : This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
Geographic coordinates : This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees and minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNS , maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf of the US Board on Geographic Names.
Map references : This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative.
The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. Area : This entry includes three subfields.
Area - comparative : This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census.
Image Description. Land boundaries : This entry contains the total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries.
When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies are used. Because surveying methods may differ, country border lengths reported by contiguous countries may differ.
Coastline : This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea. Maritime claims : This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOS , which alone contains the full and definitive descriptions: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal state extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the UNCLOS Part II ; this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying s.
Climate : This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes:ten driest places on earth average annual precipitation describes the annual average precipitation measured in both millimeters and inches for selected countries with climate extremes.
Terrain : This entry contains a brief description of the topography. Elevation : This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point and highest point.
Natural resources : This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements REEs.
In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future.
Land use : This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: agricultural land, forest, and other; agricultural land is further divided into arable land - land cultivated for crops like wheat, maize, and rice that are replanted after each harvest, permanent crops - land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber that are not replanted after each harvest, and includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, and permane.
Irrigated land : This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. Population distribution : This entry provides a summary description of the population dispersion within a country.
While it may suggest population density, it does not provide density figures. Natural hazards : This entry lists potential natural disasters.
For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically active volcanoes.
Environment - current issues : This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain.
Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxi. Environment - international agreements : This entry separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified.
Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. Geography - note : This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere.
People and Society :: Germany. Population : This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends.
The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: Starting with the Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries mostly African have explicitly taken into account t.
Nationality : This entry provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective. Ethnic groups : This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
German Languages : This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages.
When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language.
For those countries without available data, languages are listed in rank order based on prevalence, starting with the most-spoken language.
German official. Religions : This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali known as Baha'u'llah in Iran in , Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God.
Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m.
Roman Catholic Age structure : This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: years children , years early working age , years prime working age , years mature working age , 65 years and over elderly.
The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older population.
This is the population pyramid for Germany. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development.
The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top.
The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.
For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.
Dependency ratios : Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others.
Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures.
As fertility leve. Median age : This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older.
It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan.
See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high.
Population growth rate : The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus or deficit of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country.
The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure e.
Rapid population growth can be seen as. Birth rate : This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate.
The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
Death rate : This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate.
The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth.
This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining.
Net migration rate : This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population.
An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan.
Urbanization : This entry provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population. The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country.
The second, rate of urbanization, describes the projected average rate of change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time.
For example. Major urban areas - population : This entry provides the population of the capital and up to six major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least , people.
An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city.
For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of , or more, only the population of the capital is presented.
Sex ratio : This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population.
Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries.
For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons.
This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit. Mother's mean age at first birth : This entry provides the mean average age of mothers at the birth of their first child.
It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use — particularly among married and unmarried adolescents — delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
Maternal mortality rate : The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths per , live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes.
The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
Infant mortality rate : This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year.
This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth : This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future.
Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
Total fertility rate : This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.
The total fertility rate TFR is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman.
This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme.
Contraceptive prevalence rate : This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data.
It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. Drinking water source : This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.
Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection.
Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or.
Current Health Expenditure : Current Health Expenditure CHE describes the share of spending on health in each country relative to the size of its economy.
It includes expenditures corresponding to the final consumption of health care goods and services and excludes investment, exports, and intermediate consumption.
CHE shows the importance of the health sector in the economy and indicates the priority given to health in monetary terms.
Physicians density : This entry gives the number of medical doctors physicians , including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population.
Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine.
They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers.
The World Health Organization estimates that f. Hospital bed density : This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability.
Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers.
In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is.
Sanitation facility access : This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country.
Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit VIP latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet.
Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese.
BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters. Education expenditures : This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP.
School life expectancy primary to tertiary education : School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.
Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit.
Unemployment, youth ages : This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages unemployed during a specified year.
Government :: Germany. Country name : This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example : conventional long form Italian Republic , conventional short form Italy , local long form Repubblica Italiana , local short form Italia , former Kingdom of Italy , as well as the abbreviation.
Also see the Terminology note. Government type : This entry gives the basic form of government.
Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority.
Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Capital : This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time UTC and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time DST.
Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions : This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN.
Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters.
Independence : For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship.
For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession.
For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday : This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day.
German Unity Day, 3 October The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution.
Legal system : This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries.
The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: civil law including French law, the Napoleonic Code, Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, and Spanish law ; common law including United State law ; customary law; mixed or pluralistic law; and religious law including Islamic law.
An addition. Citizenship : This entry provides information related to the acquisition and exercise of citizenship; it includes four subfields: citizenship by birth describes the acquisition of citizenship based on place of birth, known as Jus soli, regardless of the citizenship of parents.
Suffrage : This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Please tell us by entering them here!
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